5 things to know (Week 11)

Don’t have time to watch or read the news? No problem! The Butler Collegian’s editor-in-chief has compiled a list of the top five things he thinks readers should know this week.

Let’s keep this short, sweet and to the point. Be the change you wish to see.

 

Fact 1: Clinton announces candidacy: “Ending two years of speculation and coy denials, Hillary Rodham Clinton announced on Sunday that she would seek the presidency for a second time,” according to The New York Times. She immediately established herself as the likely 2016 Democratic nominee. To win, Clinton will need the support of those who voted for President Barack Obama in 2008 and 2012. The base includes blacks, hispanics and college-educated white voters. Female voters will also be an important demographic for Clinton, since white working-class men may vote for a male Republican nominee. As for the key battleground states, Ohio, Nevada, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Colorado and Florida will be important, especially if the former Sunshine State governor Jeb Bush becomes the Republican nominee. Expect funds to be a factor—Clinton’s campaign is expected to cost $2.5 billion.

 

Fact 2: Worst-paying cities for women: The United States continues to struggle to close the gender wage gap. In 2013, the median annual earnings of men were $48,520. Women earned approximately $10,000 less than men, according to the Huffington Post. Women’s median pay in Fresno, California, was less than the typical pay of men, while in Provo-Orem, Utah, women earned less than 60 percent of what men earned, which was the worst pay gap nationwide. Women in the 10 areas with the worst gender pay gaps earned less than three-quarters of the median earnings of men. Ariane Hegewisch, study director at the Institute For Women’s Policy Research, said women are underrepresented among top earners, areas with high median earnings are often more vulnerable to pay discrimination.

 

Fact 3: The perfect student: Stefan Stoykov, who scored a perfect 2400 on his SAT, came to Indianapolis from Bulgaria at age 8 without any knowledge of English, according to the Indianapolis Star. Ten years later, Stoykov will graduate as the valedictorian of North Central High School. His SAT score helped him win acceptances to all eight Ivy League schools—plus every one of the 10 other colleges to which he applied. “I hoped to get into one of them,” he said. “Now I have the chance to study at all of them.” Stoykov’s family won a green card lottery to move to the United States from Bulgaria when he was 8. They had lived in a small one-bedroom apartment in Bulgaria, where his mother worked at a mine loading iron ore into carts and his father was a military chef. Stoykov said they decided to take a chance on coming to America. “The sacrifices my family made to move here—I didn’t want it to be wasted by me not taking advantage of all the opportunities I had,” he said. As of now, Stoykov has not decided where he will attend.

 

Fact 4: Segregation persists: Detroit has 55 racially concentrated areas of affluence and 147 racially concentrated areas of poverty, according to research done by Edward Goetz, Tony Damiano and Jason Hicks from the University of Minnesota. Detroit’s racially concentrated areas of affluence are just more than 1 percent black. Its racially concentrated areas of poverty, however, are 76 percent black. This is an example of the economic segregation that has continued into the 21st century, long after the civil rights movement. Cities such as St. Louis, Boston, Baltimore and Minneapolis have more racially concentrated areas of affluence (RCAAs) than racially concentrated areas of poverty (RCAPs). Boston has the most RCAAs of the cities they examined, with 77. St. Louis has 44 RCAAs, and 36 RCAPs. Other cities with a large number of racially concentrated areas of affluence include Philadelphia, with 70, Chicago, with 58, and Minneapolis, with 56. In Boston, 43.5 percent of the white population lives in census tracts that are 90 percent or more white and have a median income of four times the poverty level. In St. Louis, about 54 percent of the white population lives in such tracts.

 

Fact 5: Poppin’ Pills: As students prepare for final exams by cramming in libraries and letting off steam at parties, the temptation to hit the quick fix grows. Prescription ADHD medications such as Adderall, Ritalin and Vyvanse are becoming increasingly popular for overworked and over scheduled college students—who have not been diagnosed with ADHD, according to CNN. “Our biggest concern is the increase we have observed in this behavior over the past decade,” Sean McCabe, a research associate professor at the University of Michigan Substance Abuse Research Center, said. Full-time college students were twice as likely to have used Adderall non-medically as their counterparts who were not full-time students, according to a National Survey on Drug Use and Health report released in 2009. The numbers vary significantly by school, with the greatest proportion of users at private and elite universities. Some researchers estimate about 30 percent of students use stimulants non-medically. Students who take these stimulants say they are more productive in class under intense academic pressure. More research shows many students, at best, categorize ADHD medications as “slightly dangerous.”

 

 

There you have it. Check the news section next week for another set of facts you can use to impress (and annoy) your friends with. Who doesn’t love a smart aleck, right?

 

P.S. Wonder what we will “pop” next…

 

Written and compiled by Julian Wyllie

 

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